The hottest low-carbon energy-saving China's econo

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Low carbon and energy conservation: how China's economy meets great opportunities

[Guide: in the 30 years of reform and opening up, traditional high-energy consumption industries such as electric power, metallurgy, cement and chemical industry have made great contributions to China's economic take-off by ensuring supply. Today, China has entered a new historical development stage, and the extensive growth mode of high energy consumption and high pollution is increasingly facing challenges. The intensive growth mode and low energy consumption, low pollution and low emission with improving the efficiency of energy and other production factors as the core A low-carbon economy has become the direction of China's future economic development.]

must choose

why do you say so

first of all, China's rapidly growing energy demand and insufficient energy reserves have made China's energy security increasingly serious. For example, by 2030, it is estimated that more than 80% of China's oil demand will depend on imports

secondly, as a major energy consumer and greenhouse gas emitter, China is under increasing pressure from the international community. At the Copenhagen conference, China has made a commitment to reduce carbon emissions per unit of GDP by 40% to 45% in 2020 compared with 2005

third, with the rise of energy prices, if energy consumption is not reduced, it will squeeze the economic benefits of enterprises, especially for the high-energy consumption industry, where the energy cost accounts for even 50% of the total cost

finally, low-carbon economy is the general trend of global development in the future, and it is also the focus of today's world political and economic game. Whether China can leap from an economic power to an economic power is closely related to whether it can well grasp the opportunities of low-carbon economy

the most direct impact of the general trend of low-carbon energy conservation on China's traditional high-energy consumption industry is how to significantly reduce energy consumption and save energy, which has become an urgent problem faced by traditional high-energy consumption enterprises such as electric power, metallurgy, cement, chemical industry and so on. At the same time, this general trend has also spawned new industries and business models as well as revolutionary new energy methods, creating new opportunities for Chinese enterprises to rank among the world's leading enterprises

energy saving opportunities of traditional high-energy consumption industries

McKinsey's research on many cases of traditional high-energy consumption industries such as global power, metallurgy, cement and chemical industry shows that these industries have considerable energy-saving and consumption reduction potential in the world, and China is no exception. Moreover, due to the relatively low starting point, China's energy-saving and consumption reduction potential is even greater

for example, McKinsey recently assisted a large Chinese steel enterprise to carry out an energy efficiency improvement project, and found hundreds of millions of yuan of energy cost improvement opportunities in only one pilot plant. Among them, 50% of the cost reduction does not require any capital investment. Although the other 50% of the cost reduction requires a certain amount of capital investment, such as the introduction of new technologies and the transformation of key equipment, the cost can be recovered within two years. Moreover, after some necessary adjustments, the improvement measures of this pilot steel plant can be transplanted to other steel plants, which can help steel enterprises save 10% - 15% of energy costs. Similar opportunities for energy efficiency improvement also exist in other traditional high-energy industries other than the steel industry

how can traditional high-energy consumption industries achieve energy efficiency improvement

first of all, we need to understand the following materials in detail. First, enterprises should conduct a detailed data analysis on the current situation and technical limits of energy use at the technical level, introduce advanced energy management tools, supplemented by industry benchmarking to find gaps, and put forward improvement directions and goals

secondly, enterprises should optimize business processes and strengthen cross departmental collaboration. For example, in the procurement process, we should not rely solely on the procurement department to make decisions according to the price, but should be led by the procurement department, with the participation of the technical department, production department, customer service department, financial department and other departments. On the basis of cross departmental evaluation of the total holding cost of energy, we should make more scientific and reasonable procurement decisions

third, the optimization of business processes also needs the support of organizational management levers, such as adjusting the function settings of the energy group to turn on the plotter, and strengthening energy performance management by setting energy key performance indicators and their goals

finally, what Chinese enterprises urgently need is to fundamentally change the energy cost awareness of employees, such as establishing a clear concept and system of energy conservation and forming a quantifiable cost awareness

of course, the implementation of the above energy efficiency improvement work is a highly challenging system engineering for most traditional high energy consumption enterprises, which requires not only a fundamental change in consciousness, but also the cultivation of a variety of organizational and business capabilities required by enterprises. However, we believe that this is the only way for the future development of Chinese traditional high energy consumption enterprises, and it can be achieved through efforts

broad prospects

under the general trend of low-carbon and energy conservation, some emerging industries and business models as well as revolutionary new energy methods are emerging at the historic moment. For example, emerging industries and new energy models such as energy services, distributed energy supply, electric vehicles, smart electricity, etc. are booming in some developed countries. Let me take energy services as an example

energy service is to help users save energy costs by providing users with energy project construction services, energy operation services, other foreign affairs, one-stop energy solutions, and then realize profits through project benefit sharing. At present, the market size of energy services in Europe and North America has reached nearly US $60billion

China's energy service industry has just started, and there are still some problems in the development of the industry, and the safety performance of bottles has also been highly valued. For example, there is a lack of standards and industry certification for objective and fair measurement and evaluation of energy-saving effects; Energy service companies are often not established for a long time, and the accumulation of successful cases and skills is insufficient; Users have insufficient understanding of the concept, mode, energy-saving effect and corresponding business risks of energy services, and take a wait-and-see attitude towards energy management outsourcing; It is difficult to finance energy services. At the same time, the customer group dominated by industrial customers has weak payment collection ability

the biggest bottleneck in the start-up of the energy service market is that customers, technology and capital have not yet formed a benign combination. Generally, customers are unwilling to pay the bill, technology providers are unwilling to invest in the absence of customer payment guarantee, and capital is also unwilling to intervene in the absence of middleman guarantee

how to break through the above bottlenecks, especially through intermediates (i.e. energy service providers) to achieve a good connection between capital and technology, provide customers with the most effective energy efficiency improvement, and how capital can obtain the necessary return from it are the core issues that need to be solved in every market, including the Chinese market

in a word, improving energy efficiency is the only way for Chinese traditional high energy consumption enterprises to improve economic efficiency and undertake society. Of course, the improvement of energy efficiency and the grasp of new industrial opportunities can not be achieved overnight. Enterprises need to overcome a series of internal and external challenges and achieve them through long-term efforts

today, PetroChina tops the world's top 500 with the highest market value. We firmly believe that in the next 10-20 years, China will also have a world-class leading enterprise in low-carbon economy. Let's work together to achieve this goal

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